GoLang Journey – Composite Types

You might want to read the previous post in the series.

Composite types created by combining the basic types like int, float etcetra.

Arrays

  • An array is a fixed length sequence of zero or more elements of particular type
  • Because of the fixed length constraints, Arrays are rarely used in Go
  • if “…” appears in place of length, that means the length of array is determined by number of initialisers
  • Size of array is part of it’s type, so [7] int is different from 9[int]
Output:
Element at index is 2
Length of array is 3
Index is 0, and value is 1
Index is 1, and value is 2
Index is 2, and value is 3
Length of array is 3

Slices

Slices are variable length sequences of elements the same type. A slice type is []T where T is the type of element.

  • A slice is a dynamically-sized flexible view into the elements of an array
  • A slice has three components: A pointer, length and a capacity
  • Unlike Arrays, slices are not comparable. We can not use “==” operator to test whether both slices have same elements or not
  • The built-in append function append s items to slices
Output:
[Sachin Ponting Waugh]
[Zaheer Waqar Lee]
[Zaheer Waqar Lee]
[ Sachin Ponting Waugh Zaheer Waqar Lee McGrath]

Maps

  • Map is an unordered collection of key and value pair
  • Keys are distinct
  • Update, insert, delete operations are in constant time
  • Key must be comparable using “==”
  • Maps can not be compared with each other
Output:
map[0:Harsh 1:Yash]
map[0:Harsh]
Roll number of Harsh is 0
Roll number of Jain is 1

Struct

A struct is an aggregate data type that groups together zero or more named values of arbitrary types as a single entity. Like student data containing it’s id, name, class etc.

Output:
ABC lives in XYZ and studies in X
  • If all the fields of struct are comparable, struct is comparable

JSON

  • JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) is a standard notation for sending and receiving structured information
  • Converting from Go data structure to JSON is called marshaling
  • Converting from JSON to Go data structure is called unmarhsaling
Output:
map[key1:value1 key2:value2 key3:value3] {"key1":"value1","key2":"value2","key3":"value3"} 
{
"key1":"value1",
"key2":"value2",
"key3":"value3"
}
map[key1:value1 key2:value2 key3:value3]

Reference

Download Go

The Go Programming Language – Chapter 4 – Alan Donovan

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